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April 17, 2012

Metro App, Metro UI, What's all this?

Microsoft had introduced Phone 7 in early 2010 and released the first version in market by late 2010. The key point that MS highlighted was that Phone 7 a completely new, ground up, operating system and another immediately noticeable thing about it was the tiled based UI. While on first look the tiles looked like desktop icons, they were in fact much more than that. They were live and hence could provide updates from the application right on the home screen, so a person need not go into an application just to check basic updates.

While these live tiles were the immediately noteciable concepts, phone 7 UI also became full screen, no chrome, no unnecessary gradients, no 3D controls etc and focus shifted to content of the application and also on typography along with smooth animations. Microsoft had introduced a new design language, they called Metro. It wasn't a language like C# or VB.NET or XAML but it was more of concepts around how to design the applications for the new age apps.

While Phone 7 has now been around for a while, the Metro UI guidelines didn't pick up much because the Phone 7 sales have been low and there are very less apps on the phone 7 store also. However with Windows 8 dev preview and the later consumer preview Metro UI has suddenly gained popularity.

This has also brought forth a question and that is What really is a Metro application? Is any application that looks like a Metro application (uses tiles, uses content and no chrome etc.) a Metro application? Is an application that has a tile on Windows 8 start screen a Metro application? Is Metro application a Windows application or a Web application? Is the Tech Ed 2012 India website a Metro application? It has similar layout, it has live tiles like behavior and it even has side bar menu options.

Interestingly if you search on google for "Metro Applications" you would hardly find anything. Most content online talks about Metro Style Applications. If you have seen Windows 8 Architecture slide, you would recall two main parts to it: The desktop part and the WinRT part. In WinRT you could be using HTML5 and WinJS or XAML and C#/VB.NET. For the later there is a minimal .NET API set available within WinRT. Check the overview here

Most people go by the understanding that any application that eventually runs on WinRT is a Metro application and any that doesn't is not. So there could be apps that just visually look the same, but don't run on WinRT, like the TechEd 2012 India website and hence are not Metro apps. While this is mostly correct, there do exist hybrid apps as well that partly consume WinRT and partly the full .NET framework and hence don't pass the certification (can try with Windows Application Certification Kit (WAC)) and the eventual result is it won't get deployed on Windows 8 app store.

So to me, an application that fails WAC test and is not deployed on the store is not a Metro application. An application my redefine its look and feel to look more like the Metro apps, but in reality that application isn't a Metro app till it conforms to WAC kit requirements. Just by looking at an application it is not possible to tell if the app is a Metro application or not.

While the Windows 8 release and app store is still some months away, you can start to build Metro applications using Windows 8 consumer preview and Visual Studio 11 beta along with Expression Blend. Some additional resources that will be helpful are Making great metro style apps and UX Guidelines for Metro Style Apps.

Any comments are welcome.

April 10, 2012

Desktops / Laptops / Tablets / Smartphones

At the turn of the century (year 2000) desktops and laptops were still going strong and mobile phones had just started to appear. I had put my hands on my very first mobile phone in year 2001 as getting a landline took few weeks and the mobile phone was activated within a day or two. I had moved to a new place and hence getting connectivity was critical. The mobile phone allowed me to stay connected while on the go, and in those days, I had to pay to receive calls as well. I had not thought of how the phone would evolve into today's smart phone with significant processing power, with ability to capture and view high resolution photos and HDMI videos, with ability to let me be connected with friends over facebook and twitter all the time and with ability to download and install thousands of applications from its very own marketplace. My family is hooked onto Angry Birds :-).

The other day I was reading this article - iPad: The PC Killer. It is interesting to see that the sales of PC have dipped almost for the first time in last decade or so and those of tablets and mobile phones are fast catching up. There are other similar articles -
The PC's Darkening Future in a Mobile World  and PC Makers Should Fear Amazon's Android Gains

How will this shape up? What devices will we have in future? Here's my opinion on this trend.

I would look at it from the different types of consumers. There are essentially 3 main types of users of such device: Individual/Home users, Business Users and Developers. Needless to say developers will continue to need to devices like desktops and laptops as they need bigger screens to design and program the applications, still need keyboard and mouse devices instead of touch /gesture (which compromises speedy and accuracy) and would typically need large local storage (large hard disk).

Individual/Home users would need some device to access their emails, photos, watch videos, play games and chat with friends. While they can easily make do with external hard drives and you get 1 TB+ disks at very low cost already, lot of home user's data will also end up on cloud (Sky drive or iCloud or anything such infrastructure). Since home users will also want mobility, a tablet fits very well for their needs. Combine this along with a phone and they are done. While smart phones allow lot of the other things also, but personally I believe tablets will win over due to better real estate while still providing good mobility and phones will eventually go back to being mostly phones only. You may argue that tablets will possible also start providing audio/video call features, but a pocket sized phone device still is really more mobile than tablet. My take is that individual/home users will slowly move away from desktops/laptops and switch to tablets. 

Business users at work mostly deal with emails, viewing dashboards, or making presentations or working with documents/excels sheets, managing approvals etc. Most of these are again easily serviced by a tablet, however with the caveat that the tablet is connected to official network. With more and more focus on bring your own device to work, this will soon become a reality and business users will also find working with tablets more convenient. In few cases where they need to be high productive like writing papers/documents etc., they can also work with add-on keyboards to tablets and rest of the time, be as mobile as they need to be with their tablets.

Some home users will be business users and some will be developers and some with just pure home users, so it is a no brainer that tablets will eventually will the battle. The desktops and laptops will be left for those geeky people sitting in their cubicles and buried deep into their programming.

There are multiple vendors with iPad the clear winner as of today. However there is a new kid on the block: Windows 8 and there could be reasons for Windows 8 giving iPad a run for its money.http://www.itbusinessedge.com/slideshows/show.aspx?c=95196. Which of these eventually wins or both survive, only time will tell, but tablets are here to stay for sure.

In addition to this smart phones and tablets have also made touch and basic gestures on these devices as almost first citizens. Touch and gestures have taken away the need for mouse and onscreen virtual keyboards have made hardware keyboards redundant. For high productivity needs of programming intensive work, keyboard and mouse will still continue to be relevant. Alongside there is also evolution of touch less devices like Microsoft Kinect and Sixth Sense like technologies. These technologies will play an important role in the way we will be interacting with future devices.

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