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December 16, 2014

2015: THE YEAR OF ONLINE GROCERY? (PART - 2)

With the U.S consumers' wallet share on ONLINE GROCERY growing rapidly, there is a subtle battle brewing between traditional retailers and e-tailers to capture their share of wallet. Given this is an industry typically characterized as highly price sensitive, hyper-competitive with razor thin margins and high purchase frequency - 'How to drive profitable revenues and build a sustainable, scalable (mass-market) online grocery business model?' is a key conundrum faced by U.S grocery retailers today.

Without a doubt, the U.S Online Grocery industry is experiencing a structural shift [see Figure 1] in the way consumers shop for groceries today. Few key trends defining this landscape, worthwhile to note are: price-to-value continues to remain an important driver for consumers who are seamlessly shopping for food and beverage across various store formats (no longer shopping at just one stop shop supermarkets), local and private labels are gaining popularity (better assortment mix), and last-mile delivery continues to be more challenging for retailers with diversifying consumer needs. So, what drives a consumer to shop online?[1] 

 

Grocery Image_3.jpgGrocery Image_4.jpg 

 

 

 


Turns out, Convenience still remains their primary motivation, though not the ONLY reason [see Figure 2] - according to a U.S Grocery Shopper Trends 2012 - Executive Summary published by Food Marketing Institute (FMI). Clearly, some of these reasons are easily replicable by the traditional retailers making it a level playing field for them. So, how can grocery players tap onto this opportunity today and make MONEY at the same time?
 
A Grocer's Perspective
 
De-constructing the P&L of a grocery business model [see Figure 3] shows that the overall economics of this business mainly depends on: the type of fulfillment model used (meaning productivity in number of units picked per hour), basket size, consumer demand, and population density.[2] 
 
Grocery Image_5.jpg
Clearly, a one size fit all approach where-in an e-tailer offering only a home-delivery or a traditional brick and mortar retailer offering only an in-store pick-up might not be viable and profitable. Instead, both e-tailers and traditional brick and mortar retailers, will have to strategically innovate to harness the given market opportunity. Consequently, rather than having a home delivery model across all geographies, brick and mortar retailers can play it by the consumer demand and population density to leverage a combination of fulfillment models e.g. in areas of low density and low consumer demand they can offer variations of click-and-collect models (in store, curbside pickups, delivering to your cars - Volvo seems to be innovating on this front), areas of high density with high consumer demand can leverage dark stores (dedicated warehouses) to offer home deliveries. E-tailers too, can leverage a similar strategy in offering variations of click-and-collect models (car deliveries, specific location pick-up) to drive up their revenues. Having looked at the "last-mile" logistics of the food delivery, now let's look at the consumer side of interactions - how can grocery players engage better with changing consumer needs?
 
A Consumer's Perspective
 
Offering a "differentiated digitally connected seamless" shopping experience today will entail: brick and mortar retailers looking at leveraging location based services to offer a more contextualized, and personalized in-store experience. E-tailers can explore the possibility of offering virtual grocery stores, and contextualized basket building features to match the in-store experiences offered by a brick-and-mortar retailer. In my opinion, some of the key capabilities [see Figure 4] emerging for grocery players today are:
 
Grocery Image_6.jpg

Given the relative economics of grocery business, offering a right combination of click-and-collect and home delivery models that "seamlessly" integrates with a "differentiated digitally connected shopping" experience will be the key to position the grocery retailers for success ahead. Grocery retailers to realize this first will continue to stay relevant to take it all.

As traditional retailers build upon their omni-channel capabilities to be more "online-like" and e-tailers continue to expand their offerings to be more "store-like", it will be interesting to see who wins in this unclaimed territory. Whom do you think will win? 


[1] U.S Grocery Shopper Trends 2012 - Executive Summary by FMI: www.icn-net.com/docs/12086_FMIN_Trends2012_v5.pdf

[2] Online grocery winners emerging - A Report by Bank of America Merrill Lynch

December 15, 2014

Consumers can 'bank' upon Wearables

Wearable devices are surely going to make doing business and making consumption choices easy and the retail industry is one of the biggest beneficiaries of this. In fact, the impact would go beyond retailers and the online business and extend to even consumer banking. In fact one can visualize the boundaries between the retail business and banking business blurring in the new digital age.

As consumers seek easier and more convenient ways to shop and then pay, the retail and payments worlds are likely to collide in the internet expressway to create a smooth seamless transaction for the customer.

For example, a customer walking into a store with a Google glass will use the Google glass to do various things such as - find his way to the nearest store, seek the aisle he wants, receive any promotional updates about products, browse product information and the same Google Glass will also allow users to connect to internet and access all bank account related information and conduct transactions using voice commands. The user could look at his account details, pay bills by taking pictures of them and commanding the app to "Pay Bill".  Another use case here could be, that next time round the customer is walking down the retail aisle/or passing by a restaurant/store, he can get targeted and customized offers of products and services on his Glass, which fit his 'client profile' and there is history of a payment made through his account for the particular category.

To extend the use of the Google glass further, the app will also help him find the nearest ATM/Branch. The user could simply deposit a check by looking at it (the image of the cheque is taken and processed for clearing).

Now let's look at a use case which might be applicable to the Relationship Manager of a bank, such a person would also find the device extremely useful. Once he gets a call from a potential lead, he will be able to reach the client on time, using its easy navigation interface. The conversation with a customer in a different language will be far easier, due to speech to text and language translation apps, on the Glass. Incase, the client needs more detailed product information, the same question can be transferred 'live' to a product expert, who can instantly see and hear the query. Once the questions have been answered and the customer decides to sign up, all he has to do is speak required information and a customized app on the phone automatically converts it into text and feeds it into an application form. Signatures can be collected digitally. Finally, customers photograph and copies of on-boarding documents can be instantly uploaded by saying "take picture". Funds for the account could be transferred instantly using a wallet application on the Glass. That's all! This really makes life much easier for a customer, by having a constructive discussion and completing all the mundane paper work very fast. 

December 11, 2014

2015: THE YEAR OF ONLINE GROCERY? (PART - 1)

Ever imagined a scenario where we will be clicking online for our books, media and GROCERY together? Yes, you read it correctly. GROCERIES... ONLINE? Today, Online Grocery shopping is not only a reality, but also an industry that is accelerating, quickly enough, towards its tipping pointAmazon Fresh[1] and few other retailers like Walmart, Safeway, Instacart, Peapod, Relay Foods and FreshDirect have been transforming the online grocery space to carve out a market share from this unclaimed territory so far.

As a part of this two blog series, we will take a peek at how the U.S Online Grocery industry is positioned for 2015 and the opportunities ahead for the U.S Grocery Retailers.

When we think of Online Grocery as a business, the first thing that comes to mind is the implosion of Webvan in early 2000s. Thus as a concept, online grocery is not something new to consumers and retailers. Webvan's emblematic failure did leave a wary glance on grocery retailers for a long enough time though. Ever mindful of the quote "Change is the only constant in life" - two vital changes in this case are: 1. the growing evolution in the way today's digitally immersive consumer expects to shop seamlessly, both between physical and digital world anywhere, anytime, 2. more viable grocery business models attracting capital savvy investors.

In 2013, US online grocery spending reached $17 billion [see Figure 1], Grocery Image-1.jpgaccounting for only 3.3% of the total U.S grocery spending  - a $500 billion industry -    according to an article[2] by Bloomberg BusinessWeek citing a study run by online grocer and consumer analyst Brick Meets Click. Further, by 2023, it is expected to reach 11% of the total U.S grocery spending growing nearly 3 times at 13% CAGR annually. Looking forward, in my opinion, online grocery represents a significant and exciting growth opportunity that is here to stay.

So, market side of the equation is looking great. Online Grocery Industry is gaining popularity and exhibits great potential for the years ahead. But, what about the consumer side: the Grocery Shoppers? With time, not only has the grocery market and business models changed but digital consumers' purchasing preferences have too. Especially, the way today's tech savvy digital shoppers are increasingly blurring the line between the online and offline channels.

In 2013, roughly 18% of U.S. households went online in the past three months to buy food, beverages, or groceries. Of these, 75% purchased 5% or more online and 20% purchased at least half online - according to an article by Grocery Headquarters citing a study  Grocery Image 2.jpg  'The Online Grocery Shopper Report'[3] run by The Hartman Group's. Further, the article characterizes an online grocery shopper as a high-value customer, who is willing to spend and shop more every month than the offline (at-store only) grocery customers [see Figure 2]. 

The confluence of societal changes (busy urban lifestyles wanting more convenience and less time-intensive ways to shop), demographical changes (more working women, multi-person high-income households, ageing population), and technological advancements (digitally connected consumer increasingly using smartphones and tablets to complete purchases) have led me to believe that the U.S Online grocery market will soon evolve from a niche segment to become a mass-market mainstream appeal. 

 

Given the U.S Online Grocery's tremendous future market potential, the question however still remains: Who is poised to claim this unclaimed territory? Traditional retailers or the E-tailers? The race is already on. Whom do you think will win?

In the next blog, we will explore the opportunities ahead for the grocery retailers.
 
 

April 30, 2014

Empowering the Store Associate

Today's hyper connected digital consumers are modeling their own shopping experience. They are discerning, demanding and have more access to information than ever before. Enabled with mobile and ubiquitous connectivity, they can compare products, access price and product information, check availability, get reviews from friends, whether online or inside the store.  While retailers continue to engage consumers across channels, it has become imperative for retailers to invigorate the in-store experience to meet today's consumer demands and leverage their front line--store associate to effectively impact sales.

 

Enabling store associates to become brand advocates can go a long way in personalizing consumer engagement in stores and differentiating on service. But the reality is that consumers have access to more information than store associates, adversely impacting their ability to be effective. Also, Omni channel initiatives like ship from store, buy online pick in stores requires retailers to use store employees for a range of new tasks such as picking, packing, while ensuring they continue to deliver superior consumer services.

 

To address these challenges, retailers can adopt a 3 pronged strategy to unleash the potential of store associates

 

  • Begin with institutionalizing in-store business processes, to assure consistent experience across product categories, departments and associates with varying skill sets. Secondly, store associates need be given access to critical information like 360 degree Omni channel consumer profile (including preferences, purchase and browse history, wish list, social media interactions etc.,), rich product data (including ratings, reviews, comparison charts etc.,) , new trends, enterprise wide product availability to be able to add value to consumer's buying process. This will not only enable a more meaningful dialog but also enable associates to provide personalized suggestions / recommendations based on consumer preferences, likes/ dislikes, purchase & browsing history  and drive upsell cross sell based on what is being purchased today. Also, retailers can come up with a comprehensive communication strategy ensuring that the in store interaction with associate continues post visit through emails on new product launches or invitation to store events. 


  • Build a scalable, flexible, integrated consumer engagement platform to house business processes, powered by a common data model and services to render sales and service information to any device / form factor. Equipped with mobile or tablet device, store associate should be able to tap into this platform and engage with consumers helping them select products, provide custom promotions, instantly order leveraging global inventory while allowing the consumer to pay and checkout in the aisle. Store mobility initiatives which enable back office supply chain functions such as receiving shipments can positively impact their operational effectiveness.


  • Last but not the least, adequate provision should be made to train store manager and associates on the best practices, business process , workflows and tools to  increase adoption and deliver higher value to consumers . Whether it is process of inviting consumers for store events, balancing in-store customer service with fulfilling orders or aligning store processes to meet pick up SLA's for online order fulfilled from store, providing training assistance goes a long way in improving sales efficiency and effectiveness.


Investing in empowering store associate to provide truly personalized service can yield higher conversions, improve store traffic and increase average order value while bolstering brand loyalty. I'd love to hear your experiences, challenges faced, impact on business and IT while deploying solutions to enable store associates




Continue reading "Empowering the Store Associate" »

April 24, 2014

Omni Channel Retailing -Are you prepared to win?


I wanted to buy a new smartphone and my brand engagement began with a Facebook recommendation from a friend who kept raving about his new possession, Galaxy S5. Interested, I googled the phone on my tablet, went to the product site to understand new features and also watched its video on You Tube. After reading expert and user reviews on CNET and exhaustive price search, I ended up buying it online from Best Buy, and picking up the same day at a store next to my home.

Today's empowered digital consumer has dynamic, non-linear shopping journeys.   They are demanding and have more power and choice than ever before. With rapid evolution in consumer buying behavior, emergence of new technologies and constantly changing competitive landscape, retailers need to rethink their business and operating model to stay relevant. As retailers transform, they will need to focus on 4 key dimensions to successfully convert an anonymous buyer to an engaged consumer.

  • Delivering consistent Consumer experience: Consumers expect the retailers to know and inspire them at every touch point, make shopping easy and convenient while valuing them for their loyalty, influence and life time value. For this, retailers need to know their consumers and their interactions across channels, engaging them early with inspirational content and easily searchable rich product information, providing access to enterprise wide inventory alongside personalized offers and flexible payment, shipping, and return options. Retailer will need to understand different paths to purchase and be there at every touch point to optimize the buying process.
  • Flawless Execution to match consumer expectation of product assortment, location, price, delivery and service. Retailers are taking on several measures to bring in agility in their supply chain. For example, leading retailers are now shipping products for online orders from stores closer to consumer to not only improve delivery time but also reduce shipping costs Retailers are also accessing social network data to refine demand forecasts and localize assortments. Retailers are leveraging predictive analytics to ensure inventory availability at the right place and time to minimize stock outs and reduce mark down.
  • Retailers also need an integrated, flexible and scalable digital platform powered by a common data set and technology services hub, ready to be tapped into from anywhere and any device. Such a platform will enable integration of business functions often spread across different departments and enable a single view of the customer, order, product information, inventory and price across channels. This foundation is crucial in driving consistent experience as consumers suspend and resume transactions across channels. This will also bring in increased agility to add new capabilities and onboard newer markets.
  • Last but not least, organization structure needs to align to reduce channel silos. Several leading retailers have created roles like 'Head/VP of Omni channel' as a step towards eliminating channel boundaries. Other retailers have reorganized by brands in order to deliver a unified customer experience across channels. Changes in the operating model also ushers in new processes, system, and shift in roles and responsibilities which needs to be managed deftly.

Omni channel transformation has a profound impact on an organization's value chain. Hence, it is imperative to have a clear vision and a multi-pronged strategy focused on consumer, operations, technology and change management to be successful. What strategies have you focused on to enable Omni channel? I'd love to hear your thoughts, especially challenges faced in transforming your organization.













 




    1. Continue reading "Omni Channel Retailing -Are you prepared to win?" »

      April 8, 2014

      To Pause (POS) or Not

      In a recent study done by University of Arizona and Demandware it was highlighted that Traditional POS systems at Brick and Mortar stores are not able to keep pace with the expectations of digital consumers and the retailer's response in the form of omni-channel strategies.

      The reasons are not hard to see; today's POS systems are no better than siloed systems that have stores as boundaries and cannot look outside to support many of the retailer's omni-channel aspirations. Thus the tools and software available as part of traditional POS are falling short of supporting some of the key initiatives like

      ·        Single view of customer (or the 360o customer view),
      ·        Cross channel inventory visibility
      ·        Looking up inventory in nearby stores or
      ·        Assisted Selling and Product personalization
      ·        Personalized Offers

      Also added to that these traditional POS devices have a cyclical re-haul  which is to happen in the next 2-3 years -perfectly coinciding with the thinking of several CIOs to see if they should replace the Traditional POS systems.

      So what are the alternatives that CIOs or Leaders have -

      Option1: Extension of current POS to bridge the Gap

      One easy way out for retailers is a natural extension of current capabilities and investments to support future needs. Some POS vendors like NCR, Epicor and Oracle already offer capabilities like Assisted Selling, targeted up-sell and cross-sell and mobile POS.

      This option is characterized by (View image) leveraging existing investments to a large extent, lower cost, Faster Time to market, Incremental Change management and clearly Short Term Focus.


      Option2: Overhaul of the current system in favor of a common customer transaction suite

      A compelling alternative would be that of extending the best in class digital commerce architecture to support store operations. This solution will help connect all channels and implement an integrated solution that will provide a common view of customers, products, inventory, price, promotion and order information. This will also help address other in store opportunities like guided selling, and locate nearby store inventory to save the sale.

      This approach is generally characterized (View imageby a Flexible Architecture that can scale to support future needs, Significant Initial Investment, a Big Bang Approach to replace existing POS systems, Training and change management initiatives that are needed to support such a big bang and finally has a Long Term Strategic focus.

      In the not so distant future we might as well hear from the best in class digital commerce platform vendors like hybris, IBM WCS, ATG and Demandware about the emergence of a new class of enterprise software - we can call it the 'Customer Experience Management Suite' or 'Integrated Customer Transaction Platform' covering all customer touch points (from stores, desktop, mobile, tablet and Call Center) and providing truly seamless experience. 

      However replacing the Traditional POS systems cannot happen overnight nor is it feasible. Some of the broad questions below need to be answered before we can arrive at meaningful answers and way forward


      1. Risk perception of Retailers: What if it means putting all the eggs in a single basket for retailers and if they perceive a higher risk in doing that then that's a huge impediment to deal with.
      2.  Complement or Supersede - Given that traditional POS is entrenched and is a proven model, should retailers look to complement investments in Traditional POS with that from the new customer platform?
      3. Applicability for all types of Retail: Will the new POS platform be suited for all types of retail businesses? Definitely the opinion seems to be divided here - will it be more suited for High value transaction businesses compared to high volume transactions
      4. Security Concerns:  The security and PCI Compliance for traditional retail POS further augmented by Video Surveillance puts it ahead of Mobile POS and make the current offering fairly robust with very few incidence of violations. Unless the new platform is able to match up the security aspects of incumbent it is going to be a hard bargain.
      5. Reliability: Given that the new Mobile POS will run on Wireless network, questions around matching the reliability and availability of existing POS system needs to be addressed
      6. Tenders: Again Traditional POS is designed to accept multiple tender types like Cash and card at a bare minimum. Support for multiple types of tenders needs to be built in
      7. Purpose of Use - Self Service or Assisted: How should mobile POS (based on digital commerce architecture) be used in stores?  Should it be left for self-service as standalone kiosk for customers to checkout and complete payment or should it be used by the Store Associate as assisted selling tool? Or should it be a combination thereof?
      8. Business Process Re-Design / Standardization: Right from re-defining the roles of cashiers and store Associates to designing new business process ranging from providing common inventory visibility, uniform chain level pricing, common promotion definition & delivery, Guided selling, Deliver to home and many more - there is a whole lot of Business process and Role alignment that needs to be thought through and designed.
      9. Training needs: Identification of Change management and Training aspects needs to be done upfront. This will help address various aspects like for example, in an assisted selling scenario (using a new mobile POS platform) determine when exactly to approach the customer to assist and close the transaction? Approaching too early might result in wasted opportunity as customer might have other items or approaching too late will mean wasted opportunity. The roles of cashiers needs to be re-evaluated- How to reskill the current army of cashiers and deploy them as trained store associates to help in clientiling or assisted selling
      10. Choice of Technology: Several options exists for retailer that needs a very careful consideration
          1. Platform Options
            • Extension of current Platform with value added use cases
            • Re-haul of existing platform in favor of Table POS
            • Re-haul of existing platform in favor of an integrated Customer transaction platform driven by digital commerce architecture
          2. Other considerations:
            • SAAS vs On-premises
            • Single tier vs n-tier
            • Rich Website like UX vs traditional POS like UX / features
            • Global Platform vs Localization Needs (store specific, Brand specific)
            • Point to point integration vs Open Standards based Integration with ERPs

      It is now fairly evident that it needs a long drawn process where the pros and cons need to be weighed in before a final decision. For the near future we can safely assume that new POS (Integrated Customer Transaction Platform) at best might at co-exist with the enhanced versions of Traditional POS and not end up replacing it altogether.

      However in the long run once the benefits from the new systems are realized, when the risk-reward equation has been hashed out and after enough pilots validate/fail to validate the hypothesis and long after store associates are adequately trained and when Mobile Payments become main-stream - we can for sure say that the new POS platform (with much lower incremental cost) will have sufficiently replaced the existing ones.

      In my view we are 5 years from that point of inflection, but that's good enough a time for the likes of established Traditional POS players like Epicor, Oracle, NCR SAP, Microsoft and Retalix to take rearguard action and have a compelling solution offering to stifle progress of Digital Technologies in their own turf. Whichever way the pendulum swings, it's a very interesting space to observe and act in the next 18-24 months as it is bound to have far reaching impact on the future and landscape of POS technologies and solution offerings.

      October 22, 2012

      Are you Game?

      I was intrigued when my son walked up to me with a request to order a pizza he had made on ipad game app from Dominos. The fun and excitement of playing the game coupled with pride of self-accomplishment was inescapable in his eyes...we did order the pizza and it was clear that Dominos now had a new Gen Y consumer.

      Continue reading "Are you Game?" »

      September 30, 2012

      "Mobile Apps For Faster Shopping Sprees"

       "Google Indoor Maps" has opened a whole new opportunity to retailers whereby they can enable their customers in getting easy and quick access to the products that they're looking for. In brief, "Google Indoor Maps" allows a person walking inside a store to navigate his travel within this indoor location just like what she(/he) would have done while driving a car using a GPS

      Integrating these maps with Retailer's own mobile application (app) and tagging a store's aisles by "Product Categories" on these Google Indoor Maps for a large format store, going down to category of products available by Brands may be just the beginning of the thought as to how Retailers allow their patrons to directly reach out for the product that they are looking for rather than wandering through store departments or searching for a store associate which for some shoppers may be time consuming or even frustrating.

      One of the best supporting feature on Google floor maps, is the ability to guide the user by individual floor's plans, whereby a large multi-level retail stores can also be covered easily and therefore we feel that some of the immediate exploits can be in the large scale Store or say Super Store

      Let us try to understand how one such Retailer app may make the life a Retailer's clientele much simpler and the shopping experience much better. Assume the scenario that our loyal Customer "Louise" is entering such a Large Super Store for her weekly purchases which runs across several departments of the store like fresh produce, dry grocery, apparel, cleaning supplies, bath-ware, electronics, sports goods and the list goes on. Soon after she has parked at the store, Louise logs-in to the Retailer's own native Mobile app on her smart phone. The Retailer's app upon invocation on her smart phone, detects her geographical location and the store that she is visiting today via Location Based Services (LBS) wherein this specific store's latest tagged maps can be pulled and displayed on Louise's phone's screen

      To make the whole shopping trip faster, Louise has keyed in the shopping-list beforehand in the app and a route map is prepared for her upon her check-in into the store via this app. This route map is based on the latest movement of shelves/racks in the store.  Such a guided walk cuts down the Louise's walk through the aisles a short, easy and a confortable one

      Louise was looking for a shirt for her son, but the size small does not appear on the shelf today... does the store have it? No problem... the check would be a quick one by Louise quickly getting to know this via her mobile app. Moreover, if it is not available in store right now, the app prompts her with an easy and quick site to store order which she can pick up during her trip next week 

      Another use for this app+google maps eco-system can be to integrate with the floor maps and publish current vacancies/next available time slots/expected wait times in Large Store's sub stores like ophthalmologist shops, saloons etc.

       

      This Large Super Store's sub stores are very frequently publishing a status of a vacant customer spots/seat available or unavailability of the same on the floor map which when viewed by Louise, will give her an idea whether she needs to do the shopping first or go to the sub store for a quick visit to the hair salon

      While these are just some of the initial thoughts, when pursued actively this specific technology can be utilized in umpteen ways to boost the store sales and to guarantee customer satisfaction. Overall, sky is the limit when one starts documenting the concept of such a solution/product. Customer purchase/return history and loyalty points can be utilized to highlight offers/deals when customer is approaching a specific aisle or when she has been looking for a specific product for some time

      This article has been contributed by Ashutosh Kaushal - Senior Consultant (Sterling Commerce - Infosys Ltd). You can reach Ashutosh at Ashutosh_Kaushal@infosys.com.

       

      Leveraging Social / Consumer Genome for Merchandising

      Most retailers traditionally leverage sales data from POS terminals to analyze buying behavior. In some cases, loyalty card data is also used to determine appropriate assortment decisions. These data sources and their corresponding analysis have proven reasonably helpful, though they don't convey the whole picture. With the recent explosion in social and consumer related data on the web, there is a wealth of information that Retailers should be exploiting and incorporating into their merchandising decisions, primarily around assortment and space.

      Social/Consumer genome related data provides rich insights into needs, wants and buying behavior of individuals. This data when combined with demographic and geographic data can provide a good map of consumer wants and needs for a given market for a set of product categories.

      A major input into merchandising decisions / assortment plans is to determine consumer buying behavior to identify what products sell and what potential products could sell to increase sales. Based on this analysis, assortment decisions of inclusion/exclusion or allotment of space are provided. The means to identify this buying behavior was typically the use of POS data or data from Nielsen/IRI that provided good basis for WHAT was being purchased. When married with Demographic data, there was a good proxy for WHY the products were being purchased. Even when rigorous correlation and clustering analysis is carried out, the determination of buying behavior and the reasons for the same were proxies at best.

      Now with the availability of consumer genome or social genome information, the analysis of WHY purchases are being made and what is being purchased with identification of latent and express needs becomes even more accurate as there is clear expression of wants and needs. This will significantly enhance the quality of assortment and merchandising decisions as the degree of error/approximation is reduced.

      There are however some pitfalls to the use of this data. We cannot solely rely on this data as web usage and consumer/social genome information may not fully represent buying needs and wants for the entire market population. This data usage has to be married to traditional sales analysis to augment the decision making process.

      There are no tools / application products in the market place that provide truly integrated capabilities. The holy grail for optimized merchandising would be to integrate social/consumer genome data effectively into the traditional clustering analysis and thereby into the assortment planning process. This might be a challenge for some of the retailers who struggle with traditional approaches. Asking them to adopt more advanced analytical approaches to incorporate social/consumer genome data would be a challenge.

      The key would be to devise suitable technology/process platform augmented with robust analytics shared services that can leverage necessary data to enable optimized merchandising decisions.

      This article has been contributed by Amitabh Mudaliar (Group Engagement Manager - RCL Infosys). You can reach Amitabh at Amitabh_M@infosys.com.

      July 12, 2012

      Mantras for creating store Layouts and Displays

      Hey Guys..!! It's a weekend ahead..! Planning for some shopping..??

      And you might be looking for some good stores with nicest displays, are you?

      Have you ever wondered how easy it is for retailers to create a store on your expectations?

      Well, let me tell you the very fact about it, there is a hell lot of planning which goes on before giving you something which you find as "SIMPLE".

      It's not that easy for retailers to conceptualize their store for maximum footfalls and conversions, rather it's like an iceberg where you hardly see 20% of its size on surface, and 80% still lies below the visibility layer.

      Have you ever wondered, what lies in the remaining 80% part that you can't see..??

      As far as I can understand it there are various key 'Mantras' that retailers follow to ensure the best store layouts and displays:

      1. Human psychographics: human psychographic factors give an important touch to the store because the subconscious mind of the human being many a times plays more important role than the conscious mind. There are certain factors which greatly influence the footfalls and sales of the stores such as: people see at their right hand side first and move toward that most of the times, this factor may be used to boost up the store sales for a particular category and if a right attraction factor is arranged in such a way, it could enhance the overall sales of the store to a greater extent.

      2. Category flow: sensible and easily understandable by the customers. Display should tell story about the product usage so it becomes easier for the customers to relate and understand. It should be enabling customers to move throughout the store without him knowing the same.

      3.  Adjacency plan: within the category, the products should be kept maintaining a flow of understanding, based on a particular criterion. This makes it easy for the customers to choose products faster without the products being left out of sight.

      4. Appropriate use of fixtures and textures with great ergonomic planning is what make the shopping experience even more pleasant.

      5. Use of the focal walls: should be given to a product that appeals to the customers the most and is able to make them stay longer in the store.

      6. Use of color combinations and proper lighting improves the touch and feel of the store, attracts customers, and meanwhile increase their curiosity about the products. Especially Spotlighting in case of window display has a great significance. Using the concepts from color wheel definitely holds eyes towards the merchandise for longer.

      7. Signage: play very important role for enhancing customer understanding in different terms like directions, product usage, promotion and many more.

      8. Activation zone: the space where the promotional campaigns actually work. Mostly these are easiest approachable places in the store and receive a lot of customer attention.

      9. Neither empty shelves nor the over flooded shelves are going to help; customers don't like both of the situations knowingly or unknowingly.

      10.  Washrooms/trial rooms etc. needs to be maintained as per the need of the retail format. And should be clean & clear, appropriately ventilated and separated from the store yet properly accessible.

      11.  Hot Spot Planning: Hot spots in a store are the most significant places for promotions as maximum traffic engagement is found at these places, might these be at the entrance, in the center, or on the end caps of the aisles depending upon the area and structure of the store-floor.

      12.  Window Displays: The story that's hidden in the windows of the store is something which pulls crowd from the visibility zone and facilitate high footfalls.

      13.  The consistency factor: Finally a consistent combination of all the factors in the store is what creates an overall impact.

      Have you ever given a thought, how different it is from what you thought earlier..!!

      It takes more than a few days, weeks or months to generate this entire plan which helps you buy at the stores. There is probably even more than what I have mentioned above. If you know a few of the other things, please hit the comment button and let everybody else know about it.