International Material Data System- A collective effort of OEMs in environmental protection
Several government and industry regulations like product performance, environment, safety and corporate governance are being made mandatory across the Industrial world.
In order to comply with legal and environmental regulations on concerns like hazardous substances. All aircraft, automotive, electronics manufacturers and many others are required to keep extensive materials data. The number and types of materials used in the industry have also increased. It thus became important for manufacturers to have knowledge of restricted and conflict materials. Moreover, as there are high costs involved in collating, storing, and maintaining such information, An International Material Data System(IMDS) was created by HP with a consortium/association of manufacturers to make all data related and needed by supplier economically accessible. In this System, security policies protect all proprietary information but other Common information is shared with all OEMs (Original Equipment Manufacturers).
In this way, IMDS enables OEMs in data management & analysis of all material information for regulatory compliance and for improvement in design.
Ever since IMDS has been operational, over 2.5 lakh user IDs were issued to apprx. one lakh IMDS companies. It has now become the standard for the automotive & related industries. All Tier 1 suppliers have a responsibility to submit all necessary information in the IMDS database.
The IMDS is an internet-based database system collectively developed and maintained by EDS ( HP company) with several automobile companies namely Porsche, VW ,Daimler, Ford, Opel, Audi, BMW, and Volvo. This system has a free-of-charge usage by all automotive suppliers for vehicle details & content reporting, recyclability and the reuse requirements. It tracks chemical ingredients of parts and assemblies across the entire automotive OEM supply chain.
Through the data collected by the all automotive supply chain stakeholders, OEM's are able to comply with the worldwide ELV directives, REACH,SVHC, RRR and EU regulations related to material handling and disposal. IMDS & HP Compliance Data Exchange (CDX) thus make the prohibitive cost of collecting and maintaining the data easier.
The IMDS is similar to the previous system of paper based material data sheet form (VDA expenditure 2, system 16: Substances contained in externally purchased parts). Compared to the former method, OEMs need to indicate not just the banned hazardous materials like Cr6 / Hg etc. but also all constituent substances in the material data sheet (MDS) of the IMDS with a resolution of 1 gram or more.
A 100% disclosure of substances in each part or device is provided by suppliers. The onus to share data can be delegated to Tier1 or Tier2 suppliers. OEMs collect data of all automotive parts irrespective of the usability or its ultimate sales point. With a single click suppliers can analyze all the substances/chemicals which are part of the component.
IMDS sorts the data to provide a full material overview via different languages and part-numbering systems built into the product. It is also web-accessible, highly password-protected and not dependent on any system architecture, thus becoming an international portal for material data information for manufacturing industry.
PC with internet access , Microsoft Internet Explorer Version 5.0 or higher, Initial company registration over EDS Helpdesk, Initial user registration.
Process Flow of IMDS working: