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Internet of Things: Let's press the Buzz.

 

Let us consider a situation when the Bag tells us that we have missed something, the car alerts us if any part is not functioning properly or the clothes tell the washing machine about the temperature and water level settings. All this is going to be possible in few years with the advent of Internet of Things. Internet has come a long way from Static Pages (WWW) to Social Networking Interactive Sites (Web 2.0) to ubiquitous Computing where the Computing systems interact with the environment to generate data and insights. The IOT revolution has been driven by RFID tags which helps to automatically identify and track the objects and embedded sensors. All objects will be given unique address using IPV6 and will be connected to each other "Anytime, Anywhere". Like any other revolutionary technology, IOT has a tremendous scope to improve our lifestyle but also stays always connected will mean less privacy and also more prone to cyber-attacks and information breach

In this blog we will try to uncover the possible scenarios of IoT in our daily lives, the elements that makes this Possible. Then we will have a look at the challenges and the Roadmap.

IoT Scenarios:

The daily life scenarios where IoT is matured will be more like the Science fiction movies. Thrilling and exciting. Some Scenarios are listed below:

Ø Suppose on a weekend, someone plans to explore the Mother Nature and takes his bike and riding gear to hit the road to an excluded terrain. He is half way to a secluded place and the bike skids and the person lays there unconscious. The person is at the mercy of someone who traces him and gives medical help

IOT: The Sensor on the helmet detects that the head had hit the road. It contacts the Bike if it is near and if it is moving. The Bike is still, so the sensors detect that there is a possible accident, it uses the GPS to track the current location and places a call to the nearest hospital.

Ø Suppose the stock of Milk in your fridge is low and it has been a hectic day in office. While returning home, you cross several Bakery Shops. You forget to buy Milk

IOT: The Sensor in the Fridge detect that the Milk packets are not present, it alerts you as you are crossing the Bakery shop. You stop and buy it.

Ø On a lazy evening, you are sipping your favorite coffee and reading an interesting novel. You are done with half of the coffee. As soon as you place the coffee mug on the table the sensor flashes a screen asking if you want to order it again. If yes, it will place an order to the outlet counter.

IoT Elements:

Ø RFID tags: Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) - These are the Bar Codes we see on Items placed on Stores, our Credit / Debit cards. The passive RFID tags are not battery powered and they use the power of the reader's interrogation signal to communicate. The Active RFID readers come with their own supply of Battery and they can initiate the communication.

 

Ø Scheme for Addressing the Objects: The capability to uniquely identify 'Devices is critical for the implementation of IoT. The addressing has to be unique, reliable and scalable. Current pool of IPV4 may not be able to cover the ever increasing number of devices and hence IPV6 will come into play.

 

Ø Intuitive Visualization for all:  With the proliferation of the IoT, visualization will play a critical role as this decides the level of interaction of the user with the environment. For a common man to fully benefit from the IoT revolution, easy to use and interactive Visualization needs to be created

 

IoT Challenges

Ø Absence of a Shared Infrastructure: The IoT is a complex interconnection of multiple device running on different platforms and ecosystems. Companies may compete for their Licensed product to be deployed which will further complicate the situation

Ø Absence of Common Standards: There has to be a common Open Standard which anyone can adopt so that there is seamless communication between the devices. Similar to the Task Force for internet, a team needs to be formed comprising of engineers, policy makers to prepare a framework for the future of IOT.

Ø Battery Life: The devices run on energy, and it is estimated that we will have almost twenty-four billion connected devices by 2020. There will be energy shortage and also providing battery enabled energy to all objects is going to be a challenge

Ø Data Control & Sharing: With so many devices connected the Data Confidentiality and integrity problem will rise like never before, hence new Data Security Standards will need to be developed.

Nevertheless even though there are challenges in the Road of complete arrival of Internet of Things, the possibilities are many. We just need to look around as it might already be present in some form with us.

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