At Infosys, our focus on Healthcare is aimed at radical progress in affordability, wellness, and patient-centricity. We believe technology is a catalyst for game-changing healthcare solutions. In this blog, we discuss challenges, ideas, innovations, and solutions for the healthcare economy.

March 9, 2018

Deep learning on cloud for the healthcare industry

When you are not feeling very well, you would go to see a doctor hoping to get urgent medical attention and you would probably be the one person who can explain the symptoms to the doctor that even your loved ones cannot do accurately. The doctors need your medical history, current symptoms, other medicine regiments that you are probably on, etc. This information the patient provides is helpful in diagnosing the condition especially for typical cases like flue, type 2 diabetes high blood pressure, etc. The doctors have nearly adequate tools like the blood test, ECG, EEG and others to help them diagnose much more complex issues. However, with all the medical images, data and history, a significant amount of complex cases get attributed to idiopathic in nature. That means, the cause of the issue is unknown and the diagnosis of the issue is not straightforward. Brain tumors for instance; the doctors would have a good amount of MRI scanned images, radiology and EEG graphs, but still, end up with a considerably lower confidence diagnosis of the issue. In some extreme cases, invasive procedures are carried out just to get more information on the condition. You cannot expect a doctor or a team of doctors to have seen the exact complex situation earlier that can give them a 100% confidence on the matter at hand.

Continue reading "Deep learning on cloud for the healthcare industry" »

June 7, 2017

What's next for Health IT - Trends for 2018

What's next for Health IT - Trends for 2018

2016 saw the emergence of some cutting-edge AI innovations in healthcare IT. With the repeal of Affordable Care Act (ACT), adoption of AI diagnostics is expected to further accelerate through 2017-18. The repeal will likely intensify patient demand for lower healthcare costs in the wake of rising premiums. This points towards an important role to be played by telehealth in making healthcare affordable.

The period will witness greater emphasis on healthcare systems integrating telemedicine services throughout their clinical operations. Hospitals have started to do this by getting all or most of their telehealth needs outsourced to a single service provider for increasing efficiencies.

98% of times, patient outcomes are based on factors that occur outside the physician's premises. This explains the impact of telemedicine on the future of healthcare.

What are the key HIT trends set to impact patientcare in 2017, 2018?

Studies indicate future ready patients don't just want to test the waters but are willing to be regular telehealth users - going for assessment, support, and even therapy using video and other digital means. Over the next two years, telehealth will approach $1 billion mark in annual investments by fulfilling some critical patient care needs.

Let's look at the three areas where HIT trends are going to make a big impact:

1)    Emergence of Telemental health for home therapy

Telemental health has witnessed 45% increase in acceptance rates in rural US. Leading therapists say patients are showing greater preference in using digital screens to see them instead of personal visits. Telemental health is thus on its way to become a household name in US by 2018.

Perceived as an alternative to in-person sessions, it will occupy a prominent part in a mixed-bag of therapies. In a well-known survey conducted by Mercer, it was found that close to 59% of large employers offered insurance that covered telemedicine services. To leverage this opportunity, all major telehealth companies are expected to create specialized offerings for mental health too. Such programs are expected to soon over ride physical visits to psychiatrists, psychologists and social workers in the coming years. 

2)    Healthcare plans encouraging virtual home visits for seniors

Though still nascent, virtual visits for seniors is about to take off in a big way. Aversion to technology and new medical practices have become a passé. Seniors are coming forward to experience nursing programs that give assistance on remote diagnosis, treatment and prescriptions for more than 60 common conditions like sinus, bladder infections, etc. Service providers have already started informing seniors about these programs by reaching them through social media. 

Early this January one of the largest insurers in the US launched virtual visits for more than 1.1 million people enrolled with them. It incidentally includes lot of seniors who use the company's Medicare health plans. Lot of other health plan providers are also expected to make the plunge follow the trail. According to a recent healthcare report, the telehealth virtual visits market in the US is projected to reach over $813 million in 2021.

3)    Growing demand for home-based vital-sign devices

Startups are expected to bring many new device innovations within the patient's reach by 2018. These include home lab testing devices capable of remote managing even chronic patient care. These devices will allow clinical staff from one facility to see and treat patients in other locations with absolute ease.

The industry will also witness an explosion of downloadable digital apps for providers and patients combined. Patients will get to experience low-cost and almost instant lab tests that will allows them to get results straight away. Using computer analytics future devices will also make suitable recommendations for preventive care to patients.

With telehealth become cheaper, it will also expectedly play a major role in the growth of small scale health providers as well. It will help transform traditional bricks and mortar operations to bring more patients under their fold at much lesser costs. Here once again, they will look to outsource selection, installation, management, training and maintenance of telehealth equipment while they would focus more on patients.

Overall, healthcare IT is headed towards a future based on automation and artificial intelligence. Although consumers are yet to fully understand how robotics and big data will help them take decisions, the vision will certainly clear out as we approach 2018.



December 23, 2013

Take care along with coverage in the Health Insurance Exchanges

Affordable care is the goal for both enrollees and health plans participating in the exchanges. While exchanges will help health plans capture a larger market share, will they be able to reduce the overall healthcare costs?

Public exchanges bring in lots of tax benefits, premium subsidies, and models like defined contribution to provide low cost coverage to the uninsured population. However, with the provision to cover pre-existing conditions and increased competition, it will become more difficult for health plans to manage costs incurred to engage and service members.

Adverse selection, which increases the number of claims and associated costs, limits the ability of exchanges and participating health plans to contain the rising cost of care. Permanent Risk-Adjustments Mechanisms, introduced to address adverse selection, increase complexity and overheads for health plans and may not be very effective. Despite the costly and time consuming upgrades to core actuarial processes as advocated by the permanent risk adjustment mechanisms, health plans remain uncertain if the premiums setup will be sufficient to cover costs or not. This uncertainty increases premiums for specific plans. And, once the exchanges start supporting large employer groups, the cost control mechanisms would become more complex. Even if the risk adjustment mechanisms are made more effective to ensure stability of variable medical costs across uneven population, they will still remain a post-facto solution to curb costs. Is there a proactive solution then for cost containment?

Obama's reform vision of reduced costs and improved care requires a reformed care coordination process, harmonized with the health insurance exchanges. Providers, along with payers, need to take responsibility for cost containment. Care pricing models need to be reformed. Though exchanges have stringent plan certification process that focuses on provider cost and quality data, there is no mandate supporting the wellness programs and the value based care pricing models that are part of PCMH, ACO, and P4P programs. If preventive and proactive care initiatives such as these were associated with exchange plans then reform would encompass both cost and quality!

Provider payment reform and new reimbursement care delivery models need to be linked with exchange based plans. In addition, plan designs incorporating value based benefits can definitely incentivize patients to be compliant with the care process, enabling improved outcomes.

 Research suggests that one of the biggest lessons from Swiss insurance exchange is that care purchasing models are as important as network adequacy, cost, and quality data. The QHP approval process can take care of this. For high-risk populations attracted by the exchange, QHPs can be required to support wellness and care management programs (e.g., diet, life style and medication management) which would address the needs of the high risk population. At the same time, plan benefits can reward healthy behavior through seasonal initiatives or perks. Exchanges can encourage pricing negotiations between payers and providers and support innovative contracting models in QHPs.

ACOs and PCMH have already proven their models with millions of cost savings; why not apply them mandatorily in exchanges and make the exchanges efficient, sustainable, and capable of providing effective care along with coverage?

August 30, 2013

Social Media Adoption in Health Insurance Industry - Blog 5

In the previous blogs, we had discussed on the few key solution approaches to meet the challenges that are preventing the healthcare payors from a widespread adoption of social media. The list included the following.
• Adoption of Enterprise Social Media policy
• Right selection of tools or packages
• Implementation and Integration with existing capability
• Social Media Risk Management

I had elaborated on the importance and criticality of Evaluation and Selection of Social Media Tools in the previous blog (Social Media Adoption in Health Insurance Industry - Blog 4). I will continue the discussion in this blog and focus on Implementation and Integration Social Media tools with existing capability in a payor enterprise.

Integration of social media with the existing capability happens at multiple levels such as business process, technology and people.

Integration with Sales processes -  The payors collect and anlayse the sales leads generated by various advertisement channels such as surveys, webcasts, e-mails, paid search, website banner advertising for the group and individual members. The prospect information is then sent to brokers and Agencies who then contact the leads and covert into a deal.

Integration with Market and Product Research capability -  The payors aggregate, analyze and act upon member information derived from online surveys, call center records, Twitter, Facebook and blogs to design and manage the member experience on multiple channels while identifying future product and service needs.
Integration with Customer Relationship Management (CRM) system - The social media tools can be planned to be integrated with the legacy customer relationship management  systems, using tools which provides real-time , unified access to information across internal systems and external online or social media.
Integration with Social Data Enrichment Services - Payors will need to assess the potential value of emerging social data enrichment services, such as RapLeaf and Flowtown. These emerging data providers crawl the social web, integrate information about individuals, then sell the data and related insights to the Payors.
Integration with Electronic Health Record (EHR) system  - Social Media tools are now  integrated with EHR applications which will equip Payors and healthcare providers communicate better with the members and vice versa.  

August 14, 2013

Care Management: Innovations and Trends - Empowered Member

Care Management programs are designed and executed to enhance care co-ordination, reduce cost while improving the quality of care. Howsoever well these programs are implemented; the changing market dynamics imposes new challenges, which needs continuous evaluation and innovative ways to increase the effectiveness of care management programs.  Let's explore some of the recent innovations and trends in care management.

Continue reading "Care Management: Innovations and Trends - Empowered Member" »

August 8, 2013

ACOs - Why they could fail?

Accountable Care Organizations (ACO) are healthcare organizations which are accountable for quality and cost of healthcare services. These are group of physicians, hospitals & other healthcare provider who provide coordinated high quality care to patients. ACOs would share financial responsibility with government and private healthcare insurers. Their payment models are quality-based, which differ from traditional quantity-based models. ACOs have the potential to reduce healthcare expenditure and improve quality of care. However, they face certain challenges which they need to overcome and avoid failure.

Continue reading "ACOs - Why they could fail?" »

July 31, 2013

Social Media Adoption in Health Insurance Industry - Blog 4

In the previous blog (Social Media Adoption in Health Insurance Industry - Blog 3), I had mentioned a few of the key solution approaches to meet the challenges that are preventing the healthcare payors from a widespread adoption of social media. The list included the following.
• Adoption of Enterprise Social Media policy
• Right selection of tools or packages
• Implementation and Integration with existing capability
• Social Media Risk Management

I had elaborated on the importance and criticality of an enterprise social media policy in the previous blog. In this blog, I will focus on Evaluation and Selection of Social Media Tools.

Evaluation and Selection of Social Media Tools
A wide variety of social media tools are available in the market and the list is continually being updated with the new additions to it. The Payors need to evaluate and select the right combination of social media tools in order to meet their both tactical and strategic goals. There are methodologies available to evaluate the tools. One of the popular methods is Balanced Scorecard Method
Balanced Scorecard Method - The measurement in balanced scorecard method is based on four categories.
• Financial - In this category, the cost benefit analysis for the strategy of deploying a social media tool is done and ROI is determined.
• Value add to Organization - This category addresses the value add to the Payor's internal staff (includes employees and agents) by the deployment of a social media strategy. The value add is in terms of enhancing the awareness on the usage and technical knowledge.
• Members or Subscribers - This category assesses the effect on the members especially engaging them in spreading awareness and the success of the Payor's marketing strategies.
• Internal Processes - This category assesses the contribution of the adoption of social media strategy on the maturity of Payor's various business processes such as sales & new business, underwriting etc.


June 28, 2013

Social Media Adoption in Health Insurance Industry - Blog 3

In the previous blog (Social Media Adoption in Health Insurance Industry - Blog 2), we had discussed the various challenges that are preventing the payors from a widespread adoption of social media.
In this current blog, we will focus on how to address those challenges. Following are few of the key solution approaches that can be thought of.
• Adoption of Enterprise Social Media policy
• Right selection of tools or packages
• Implementation and Integration with existing capability
• Social Media Risk Management
We will elaborate, to start with the discussion, on the importance and criticality of an enterprise social media policy in this blog.

Framing the enterprise social media policy -

It is critical to establish policies, structures and ownership at the organizational level to manage usage of social media more effectively.  At some point after the organization starts using social media, the required team can be established to develop policies, guidelines, standards for the organization.
The laws (such as HIPAA) published by the regulatory authorities in healthcare industries will provide crtitical inputs to the creation  of the corporate social media policy of an organization. We will need to involve the various stakeholders in the healthcare value chain who will have specific view points and will form important parts of the the policy.

Sales  and New Business - The enterprise social media policy dictates what can be advertised as far as the Insurance Organization's product and plans are concerned.

Underwriting - The insurers need to come up with a clear policy guideline restricting/enabling underwriters /agents capture the member data  in the social netwroking sites as appropriate.

Claims Investigation - Insurers need to be cautious in coming up with an ethical approach in accessing the data present in the public domain for claims investigation.

Customer Service - The customer service department uses social media (such as facebook) and encourages the members to narrate the good service experiences. The corporate social media policy dictates who can represent the organizations and how to respond to replies from the members. 

Marketing - The policy establishes a formal review process before any publication in the social media. Social media is one of key marketing and communcation strategies which is being increasingly adopted by the insurers and agencies. The corporate social media policy dictates the process keeping in view the various regulatory rules.

Application of augmented reality to Healthcare

Augmented reality has always held the fascination of science fiction writers and found its implementation in many sci-fi novels, comics and movies, though quite a bit of that is reality today. Game consoles like the Sony PlayStation, Nintendo Wii, and Microsoft Xbox have hardware which provides an augmented reality dimension to virtual gaming. Mobile phones come equipped with various augmented reality apps such as Layar and Wikitude that can direct you to your favourite coffee shop or take you on a guided tour an unknown city. Now, with the advent of wearable computing devices, such as the Google Glasses, its usage will become as common as smart phones. Discussed below are some views on how healthcare industry can leverage augmented reality to improve the services.

Continue reading "Application of augmented reality to Healthcare" »

May 22, 2013

Social Media Adoption in Health Insurance Industry - Part 2

The payor organizations are facing major challenges which prevent them from the widescale adoption of  social media. In this blog we will briefly touch upon on some of these key challenges.

• Tagging, Monitoring and Archival of employees' posts in social media - Organizations often lack suitable processes and systems to keep control over tagging, monitoring and archiving the their own employees' postings in social media. The organizations need to block any content that is clearly not as per organization standards. Most often the organizations including payors lack an internal social media policy which is a common challenge faced by all organizations. 

• Controlling  the negative posts from the policyholders and partners - For many payors, it is highly possible their brands are being represented without their involvement and maybe even without their knowledge, much less their participation and guidance. Management of brand and image is crucial for all insurance organizations. Organizations that are not actively managing their image in social media will find their employees and customers misusing it through various social media postings and the perception generated by social media can be negative.

• Handling appropriately  policyholder's feedbacks - Most of online consumers want the organizations to have a social media presence. These are the consumers who are going away from the customary  sources of information, such as advisers and brokers, to seek the online views of fellow consumers on price and product or service performance.

• Complying to regulatory laws in the product advertisement and branding - The laws surrounding social media for the health insurance industry continue to evolve. The management of social media, and the content of the posting and platforms used, have become much more difficult for the insurance organizations today due to evolving and stringent regulatory laws.

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